Uraga is a woreda, or district, in the Guji Zone of the Oromia region. Coffee for this community lot is grown by the many smallholders in the Uraga woreda and brought to the local Zelalem Alemu mill, named for its owner. There, cherries are Natural processed on raised beds, beginning with a careful manual selection using the special screen to sort the ripest, defect-free cherries. The coffee cherries are turned throughout the day to ensure uniform drying in the sun.
The coffee varieties in this lot, heirloom locally selected sub-variety 74110 and 74112, are common in the Guji zone. They were developed in the 1970s at the Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC) for resistance to the coffee berry disease. These two varieties begin with “74” to indicate their cataloging and selection in 1974.
Variety 74110 was selected from an original “mother tree” in the Bishari village, Metu Province, Illuababora zone, Oromia region. After researching its resistance to coffee berry disease and overall yield, JARC released the variety in 1979. 74110 trees are short and compact, with small leaves, cherries, and beans.
Variety 74112 also originates in the Metu-Bishari forest and was similarly released in 1979 for its disease resistance and yield potential. Its trees, too, are small and compact.